If you could do something to reduce the risk of respiratory infections, ear infections, obesity, diabetes, leukemia, asthma or sudden death of your baby syndrome … would you? “Asked the gynecologist to Marta Toledo, eight months pregnant and new mother. “and if that measure also reduce your risk of osteoporosis, breast, ovaries and uterus, and you even help you lose weight?” continued the expert. ” Well, you have to do is very simple: give breastfeed your baby, and the longer the better. “
That is also the recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO) to all mothers of the world: “feed their babies exclusively breastfed until six months to promote development, growth and optimum health From that age. , supplement your diet with nutritious foods and, if they can, giving them continue breastfeeding until the age of two … or more “suggests that body that oversees global health, and not without reason.
The arguments in favor of maintaining breastfeeding beyond the first quarter of baby’s life are becoming stronger. An example: the SKOT study, University of Copenhagen, has confirmed that breast-feeding reduces the risk of the baby developing diseases in the future.
“We knew that children raised on breast milk grow more slowly than bottle-fed from the three or four months old, and now it seems that this slower growth is optimal, because it reduces the risk that the child finishes developing diseases associated with lifestyle such as obesity, type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular disease, “said professor Kim Fleischer Michaelsen, director of the study.
But the impact of breastfeeding is not only physical health but also in the future child’s behavior and even their IQ. An investigation of Perinatal Epidemiology Unit at the University of Oxford (UK) found that the breastfed until at least four months, children have a 30% lower risk of developing behavioral problems five years .
A second study, conducted jointly by the universities of Oxford and Essex, has shown that children breastfed by their mothers get better grades in school. “Even just four weeks of breastfeeding have a positive effect on brain development. This has been demonstrated tests reading, writing and math made children of five, seven, 11 and 14 years. “
“We forget that we are mammals and that the best food for a baby is its mother’s milk” explains dr. Marta Diaz, coordinator of the Breastfeeding Committee of the Spanish Association of Pediatrics. “Mothers who wish to do so should receive all the support that breastfeeding is a source of health for society, present and future.” But that support is one of the unfinished business of our society, where only 30% of mothers breastfeed their babies achieved until small meet six months.
Good for baby, good for mother
In our country, if they leave the maternity 80% of mothers breastfeed their babies, three months only half of children receive only breast milk. But breastfeeding is an option that multiple benefits for mothers. The positive consequences are:
Reduces the risk of breast cancer. Women who breastfeed their babies may actually reduce the risk of this disease by 25%, depending, above all, the time to do so. Or put another way: the longer a woman breastfeeds, the less prone to this disease has.
Lower risk of uterine and ovarian cancers. During lactation it lowers estrogen levels, responsible for stimulating the ovary or the uterus coating, which reduces the risk that these tissues become cancerous.
stronger bones. Women who have never breastfed have four times the risk of developing osteoporosis and hip fractures to reach menopause than those who have given themselves the chest.
Better emotional health. There is evidence that breastfeeding mothers have less postpartum depression than those who opt for artificial feeding.
Prevents excess weight. Finally, nursing mothers tend to regain the pre-pregnancy weight faster than those who opt for the bottle and reduce your waist circumference before.
Recommendations for nursing moms
The baby has to suckle demand. Offer her chest without waiting cry.
The chest needs encouragement of the baby’s mouth. Offer it often (at least eight times a day) to stimulate milk production.
If the baby is happy, quiet sleep one to two hours straight and not look sick, is that getting enough milk. If fewer than five wet diapers a day and does not have adequate weight gain, you may be taking little milk.
For any difficulty or doubt about breastfeeding, go to the nearest health center, check with your pediatrician or midwife or contact one of the support groups for mothers lactantes.Más Information: www.aeped.es/comite- Breastfeeding